Keep the seeds moderately moist, and you should begin to see signs of germination in about 3 to 4 weeks. Over time, most species of yucca will grow into room-devouring monsters, but this takes long enough that they provide years of durable … Make sure the base of the foliage is flush against the surface of the soil. In the case of yucca, the timing is as important as the method. The tree was downed during the recent tornado. Yuccas are highly susceptible to diseases such as root rot when left in water-saturated soil. Allowing it to dry out in between watering is okay in the wintertime. They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. In this situation, some of the roots may die and they will no longer be able to support the yucca. The plant will usually shake it off in a week or so. Yucca Plant Care. Yucca Repotting Tips. Grow newly rooted yuccas in individual pots using a potting medium especially designed for succulents and cacti or, after four weeks, plant the cuttings in your yard in well-drained, sandy soil. If the plant is very big, ask someone to help you with the transplantation. Width and depth of the hole are the first concern. We have had Yucca plants for years, and due to the Gulf of Mexico proximity, they grow like weeds. Transplanting yucca can be done by dividing a plant or by moving an entire plant. In addition to propagating a yucca by stem cuttings, you can use the small offsets, also called pups, that develop around the base of the plant. Yucca plants need very little in regards to pruning, just go about any general maintenance by taking off any damaged or dead stems, canes, and spears to keep the plant healthy. Dig out around the plant and gradually deeper under the crown. Transplant the seedlings at about 8 weeks into bigger pots or permanent location. Place the yucca in a shady location for two weeks so the plant can adjust to its new growing environment, then move the plant to its normal location and resume normal care. How to Transplant Yuccas 1. In spring, temperatures are warmer and evaporation occurs. Yucca plants do require some tidying to keep them looking their best. My husband tried to remove the yucca from the walnut tree yet was unsuccessful. Repotting your Yucca Plant. Don't locate them where those animals might eat the leaves. First, tidy up the clump by stripping the lower leaves off the stems. Yucca can grow deep roots and have a width of a foot beyond the widest leaves. Yucca can be started in a new location by transplanting the "pups" or small plants that develop around the perimeter of the mother plant. Zone 7 Yuccas: Choosing Yucca Plants For Zone 7 Gardens, Hardy Yucca Plants – Growing Yucca In Zone 6 Gardens, Yucca Plants In Cold Weather - Helping Yuccas With Frost Damage and Hard Freeze Damage, Great Lakes In Winter – Gardening Around The Great Lakes Region, Indoor Hellebore Care – How To Grow A Hellebore Plant Indoors, Winter Pruning Guide – Learn About Cutting Back Plants In Winter, Creating Living Gardens: How To Make A Garden Come To Life, Oak Fern Information: How To Care For Oak Fern Plants, Pepper Plant Leaf Drop: Reasons For Pepper Plant Leaves Falling Off, Zone 6 Planting: Tips On Starting Seeds For Zone 6 Gardens, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories, Norfolk Island Pine - The Perfect Christmas Tree, Winter Survival Guide: Creative Ways To Garden In Winter, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees. Since the Yucca is quite a tough plant you could most likely transplant at any time without much issue. Yuccas may be easily confused with century plants (Agave spp. Dig out around the plant and gradually deeper under the crown. Yucca can grow deep roots and have a width of a foot beyond the widest leaves. The Yucca sends down long tap roots and has a extensive root structure. Use organic mulch around the base of the plant to discourage weeds and conserve moisture while keeping the ground cool in summer and warm in winter. Other Comments: Hi The 2 Yucca’s needs to be moved and great cost is involved to get a forklift into a small area. Liberally watering the yucca the day before taking a cutting allows the stem, also … Water indoor yuccas when the top inch of potting soil is dry and let it dry completely before watering again. In the warmer parts of Australia, yucca cuttings can be taken almost anytime of the year. Cut off the plant cleanly. Can a Red Dragon Wing Begonia Be Propagated by Division? Next, dig a hole as deep as the … But … Cut back on water in winter for both outdoor and indoor plants when they aren't growing vigorously and give them only enough water to keep their leaves from drooping. Measure out an 8-inch radius around the base of the plant. If you don't want to repot the cuttings once they take root, plant them individually in pots where they can grow until it's time to move them to the garden or to slightly larger pots. For most plants, it is best to transplant when the plant is dormant. Make sure that you are still providing your plant with cooler temperatures, just not freezing. Fill in around the roots with small handfuls of the potting soil and sand mixture until the container is full. Place 1 to 2 seeds per area or per pot and keep it in a sunny place. As far as houseplants go, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which is often mistaken for yucca. Make your cuts as close as possible to the yucca's trunk. That can cause rot over time. 2. Wear long sleeves and gloves when working around yuccas to protect yourself from the spiny, daggerlike tips of the leaves that may be present on some species. We Released The Yucca HandBook CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE >> In such circumstances you can divide your plant. Here are some tips for transplanting a yucca houseplant. Use the shovel to dig around your yucca plant. Other considerations for this large, prickly leaved plant are issues of comfort. This is to stimulate the tough seed coating ready for water and nutrients to seep in when mixed into a potting mix. Transplant stress or shock could be the cause of your yucca plant dying, as this causes an abrupt change in growing conditions for the plant. If you are transplanting the entire plant, dig straight down with the shovel. Other: Yucca growth is quite slow and variable, especially if grown from seed. 1. Situate houseplants in a bright location such as a south- or west-facing window. If you're met with resistance, then it's likely your pups have successfully rooted. In the cooler zones like Victoria, take cuttings from December to May. In about a month or so, the yucca should be well established in its new home and regular care resumed. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Moving yucca plants takes preparation and good timing. Pinch these off at any time with your fingers or snip them off with sterilized pruners, let them air-dry at room temperature for two to three days to allow the cuts to heal over slightly, and pot them just below soil level, leaving the tops above the surface. Sometimes, a plant simply outgrows its location and needs to be moved. During the winter, cut back on the moisture for your yucca soil in between each watering. Select a stem that's of medium length and width for best results. Missouri Botanical Garden: Cacti and Succulents, University of Florida, IFAS Central Florida Research and Education Center: Yucca Production Guide, Missouri Botanical Garden: Yucca Elephantipes, Missouri Botanical Garden: Yucca Filamentosa, American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals: Yucca, Texas A&M University: Earth-Kind Landscaping: Spanish Daggers or Yucca, NC State Extension: Plant Propagation by Stem Cuttings, Extension Daily: Succulents in Container Gardens. At the very least, it is a good idea to have an extra hand or two, as these are cumbersome plants with sharp leaves. Any potting container will do as long as it's clean and has drainage holes at the base. You can simply trim any dead, dying, or otherwise unsightly leaves with clean shears. Then water, or not, as you have normally done. After transplanting water well to set the plant. See more about growing from offsets below, under Propagation. Susan Lundman began writing about her love of gardening and landscape design after working for 20 years at a nonprofit agency. Many types of succulents, including Agave, Yucca, Sansevieria, Haworthia, Aloe, Echeveria and Sempervivum, grow in rosettes and are very easy to divide into new plants by cutting off small offsets growing from their base or from short rhizomes. Read on for tips on how to transplant a yucca. This will help you plant the stem segment correctly; if you plant it upside-down, it won't grow. Place the cuttings about 1/4 to 1/2 inch into the potting mix, making sure that the basal end is in the soil. Expect to baby it for a few months and don’t be surprised if a bit of transplant shock occurs. Divide yuccas for propagation in late fall or early winter, when the plant is dormant. As they say, “timing is everything.” Knowing when to move yuccas will give you the best chance of success. They can grow up to 30 feet high and 15 feet across. As with all succulents, place the Yucca in a well drained soil or container. Avoid choosing either a very young, thin cane or an older, thicker cane. Some specimens may be very large and old and might need professional help. Water the plant deeply and let it drain thoroughly. Use a clean, sharp knife or garden pruners to cut off one or more 2 1/2- to 3-inch segments from anywhere on the stem. Saving and Planting Yucca Seeds. Yuccas can be easily planted and grown by transplanting a yucca plant from an established garden or pot. For outdoor plants, apply water about every two to three weeks, allowing the ground to dry between waterings. This article will deal with caring for this plant, taking into account its light, soil, water, and other requirements. After two weeks, decrease watering to once every other week. Set a tarp off to one side and use the shovel to lever the plant out onto it. Keep in mind that like other succulents, yucca roots prefer to be somewhat crowded in their pots. However, in regions with mild winters, it is best to move the plant in fall. It would be even better if it is overcast or drizzling. After transplanting yucca, some TLC may be necessary. Plant the yucca in the hole, with the top of the yucca plant at the same soil depth as it was before. Next, dig a hole as deep as the root system and twice as wide in the transplant location. Check with your local county extension office for details concerning your area. Yucca plant (yucca elephantipes) The 40 to 50 species of the yucca plant (yucca elephantipes) are known for their evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves or razor shaped leaves, large terminal whitish flowers. Yucca plants are pretty cool. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Pick a commercial potting mix that drains quickly and is especially made for cacti and succulents or make your own by combining 3 parts peat and 1 part sand. To start, you will need to “scar” the seed by gently rubbing sandpaper to it. To better see where the offsets are attached, you should dig up the whole yucca plant. A yucca plant was planted next to a walnut tree in our front yard. Cut off the lower leaves with a blade if you want to remove its "skirt. " When to Transplant. In the garden, Yucca filamentosa ‘color guard’ is typically used to add height to the architecture of the garden. While a lot of yellow, brown, or bent leaves is likely a sign of a problem, it’s normal for the bottom leaves to wilt and die off. Yuccas are full sun plants and need well-draining soil. The best time to do this would be in early spring, but this plant is so tough I would suspect you could do it successfully any time int he spring or summer. The only way a yucca plant can survive a winter is if it is a mild one. Yucca Soil. Soil for Yuccas Preferred Soil Mix. Get in the habit of sterilizing the blades of your pruning shears or garden scissors with rubbing alcohol or alcohol wipes before and after using them to reduce the risk of spreading diseases from one plant to another. You can take a good look at this Yucca Seeds variety for starters. Yuccas (Yucca spp., USDA zones 4 through 11) are easily propagated in a number of ways, including rooting semihardwood stem cuttings, usually taken from midsummer to early fall from the current season's growth, or offsets, which may be separated from the mother plant year-round. Lightly water the soil for about a month; then very gently pull on the plants. Transplant into a larger pot that is about 1 or 2 sizes bigger than the original. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Be aware that yuccas are toxic to dogs, cats and horses. Some yucca … The yucca plant, which has many different varieties, can be grown both indoors as well as outdoors. Yes, you can replant Yucca cut-offs, but I don't recommend "breaking" them off. Stripping the leaves will also prevent the cutting from losing its … … If you think it’s time to repot your Yucca Plant, make sure to choose a pot that is only just slightly bigger than the root ball. Prepare yuccas for transplant approximately five days before moving them. Dig down to a depth of 15 inches along the radial line... 3. We do not know how long the plants have been in this spot. Yucca moved in fall should be watered once per week if no precipitation is expected. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Yuccas grow slowly and develop a trunklike stem, whereas century plants lack stems and remain a rosette of leaves. I want to know how to harvest and care for yucca seeds. Plan to transplant during the cool part of the day. Choose a location with at least 8 hours of sunlight in a site with well-draining soil. Hold the baby yucca in the pot so the base of the foliage is 1/4 inch below the edge. Choose your site very carefully when transplanting yuccas, as they prefer not to be moved frequently. If you kill a yucca, it's probably due to overwatering. That way the roots can establish before the hot temperatures arrive. Remove these once new growth begins to show. The bottom leaves are called the yucca’s “skirt.” Start at the bottom of the plant, and begin cutting off leaves using a knife, blade, pruning shears, or scissors. Here is a link about Yucca care. They are native t the dry and hot parts of the Americas and the Caribbean. Spread out the roots and settle the plant into the new hole. It is unknown if the roots has grown through the plastic fabric pots. Water the newly planted cuttings, and keep the soil slightly damp for about four weeks while their roots form. Stop removing leaves about halfway up the tree or when you like the way the yucca looks. Water the Yucca. Backfill with loose soil, tamping around gently. Yucca is a genus of perennial plants of 40-50 species found in dry regions, and comes under the Agavaceae family. Yucca transplanting can technically be done at any time of the year. Keep the plant moderately moist for a month and then decrease watering to every two weeks. They're known for their pointy, sword-shaped leaves, and even though they look like typical houseplants, they're actually giant succulents. If you are moving yucca plants in spring, remember they will need extra water as things heat up. If you are transplanting just a portion of the yucca plant, break off one of the yucca's rooted stalks. If you want to propagate your yucca plant with the divisions, be a little more careful when separating the offsets from the main plant. Yuccas in the landscape generally don't require fertilizer, but you can feed houseplants monthly during the growing season with an all-purpose liquid houseplant fertilizer diluted to one-quarter strength. It is probably best not to situate the plant where it can make walking or playing uncomfortable due to its sharp leaves. Outdoor yuccas need a minimum of six hours of direct sunlight daily and grow well in areas that receive full sun or partial shade. Choose from species that you can grow indoors as houseplants, like spineless yucca (Yucca elephantipes), which also grows outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 10, or those that develop sharp terminal spines and thus aren't suitable as houseplants, such as Adam's needle (Yucca filamentosa), which can reach up to 8 feet tall in USDA zones 5 through 10. Sometimes yucca plants can overgrow their boundaries or probably you’ll want to share this species with your friends ( separating young offshoots from a mature mother plant and transplanting them will create a new yucca). A mix of equal parts potting soil, coarse sand, and perlite will provide enough drainage for yucca plants. The strong, spiky leaves make the yucca an attractive landscaping plant that requires little maintenance. Yucca plants need soil with excellent drainage capabilities. Liberally watering the yucca the day before taking a cutting allows the stem, also called a cane, to be well hydrated and better able to withstand the stress of being removed from the plant. Lundman belongs to numerous gardening groups, tends her home garden on 2/3 acre and volunteers with professional horticulturists at a 180 acre public garden where she lives on Bainbridge Island in Washington State. Sign up for our newsletter. Some varieties of yuccas may be invasive in certain regions. ), which die after flowering. Mark the south-facing side of the plant... 2. We have tried many different ways, but the best proceedure is as follows: 1. One tip on moving yucca plants – add a little soil to the very center of the new hole, which will rise the stemless yucca up a bit when planted. Transplant your yucca plant is in the spring, preferably March or April. yucca.jpg. This is because, once the soil settles after watering, the yucca may sink into the soil. Digging up this plant will be a work out. When do you pick them, when do you plant them (spring/fall)...how do you plant them? Yucca are also kept indoors in pots. How to prune a yucca cane plant. If the plant is large, wrap the plant with a rope or bungee cords to pull the plant in tight and minimize damage to the plant you the mover. Trim off any damaged or diseased roots with garden shears, then transplant the yucca plant as quickly as possible. Your yucca may experience some shock that may cause discolored leaves. Think twice about cutting the top off a yucca plant, as it can create a rather ugly plant for a few years. Shake the container to settle the soil and then add more if necessary. Part of the yucca plant's root system had become part of the walnut tree. She has written about plants, garden design and gardening tips online professionally for ten years on numerous websites. Set a tarp off to one side and use the shovel to lever the plant out onto it. It is a native plant to the south-eastern united states and is best grown in a subtropical or mild temperate climates. Using a felt-tip pen, mark the basal portion or the part of the stem that was growing nearer to the base of the plant. I have a Yucca that has flowered the last two years; it is currently loaded with seed … Which is often mistaken for yucca plants for years, and perlite will provide enough drainage for yucca plants require. 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